Revise the Berlin Crisis 1961
Behind today's door - Pink Floyd 1979: "Wall (Education)". It has nothing to do with today's revision topic except the word "wall", but so what?
The Berlin Crisis of 1958 - 1961
So, first things first - a blockade is when you put up armed road-blocks or armed sea-blocks and stop traffic that tries to pass. They are physical barriers, but it's not the same as a wall. 1961 saw the East build an actual wall all the way around West Berlin. DO NOT picture a wall before 1961.
Today use your notes, or your revision guide (Superpower Relations) or this National Geographic Documentary (just the first 16 minutes is enough) to answer these questions:
1. Why had the city of Berlin been a flashpoint of superpower rivalry ever since Hitler's defeat in 1945?
2. In 1949, after Stalin's blockade had failed to push the Western powers out of the city, a new constitution made East Germany and West Germany into two distinct countries. Give several reasons why people in the eastern half kept leaving.
3. How many East Germans were leaving during the 1950s?
4. How did this "depopulation" threaten East Germany?
5. Why did the Western occupation of Berlin become a crisis issue at the end of the 1950s?
6. Who was Nikita Khrushchev?
7. Who was Walter Ulbricht?
8. What happened on 13 August 1961?
9. How did President Kennedy and U.S. troops react?
10. Identify two consequences of the erection of the Berlin Wall.
No need to send your answers - this was just for your own use.