Revise the Hungarian Uprising 1956
Behind today's door - Hungry? No, Hungary! 1956! However, I expect I can send you a cupcake to form this week if you've been completing several of these revision tasks.
The Hungarian Uprising 1956
Today, revise the Hungarian Uprising. I've put an overview on this page for you, but you should use your own notes or revision guide too.
You could explain two consequences of the Hungarian Uprising.  (Markscheme)
Or, you could write a narrative account analysing the key events of the Hungarian Uprising.  (Markscheme)
Upload them and we'll mark them.
- Stalin died in 1953. Khrushchev de-stalinised the USSR and Hungary hoped for less oppression with Khrushchev in power. In July 1956, the 'Stalinist' leader of Hungary, Rakosi, fell from power.
- Hungarians were concerned about freedom of speech, particularly in universities and in the press. There were also worries about living standards. Many Hungarians were Roman Catholics, but communism banned religious practice.
- Hungarians were angry that Soviet troops were still occupying Hungary so long after the end of the war. Furthermore, they had to pay taxes to support the military occupation. They also hated their own strict secret police, the AVH. During October 1956, students, workers and soldiers in Hungary attacked the AVH and Russian soldiers, and smashed a statue of Stalin.
- On 24 October 1956 the moderate Imre Nagy became leader.
- Nagy asked Khrushchev to remove Russian troops and on 28 October 1956, the Russian army pulled out of Budapest. Nagy successfully negotiated a number of minor reforms.
- For five days, there was freedom in Hungary. Nagy implemented reforms towards a more democratic and capitalist system. Cardinal Mindszenty, the leader of the Catholic Church, was freed from prison.
- Then, on 3 November 1956, Nagy announced that Hungary was going to leave the Warsaw Pact. Khrushchev was not going to allow this. He needed to keep the Warsaw Pact states together to defend against the West, and could not let a message of independence pass to other Eastern Bloc states. He guessed correctly that Britain, France and the USA were not going to help.
- On 4 November 1956, 1,000 Russian tanks rolled into Budapest. Hungarian people - even children - fought the Russian troops. 4,000 Hungarians were killed.
- Nagy was replaced by Soviet supporter, Janos Kadar, and was later executed.